Restaurantis a place where people pay and sit with together and eat meals that are cooked and served on the place. Many restaurants also offer take out and foods delivery services.
Restaurants vary greatly in the appearance and offerings, including a wide variety of cuisines and service models ranging from inexpensive fast food restaurants and cafeterias, to mid-priced family restaurants and to high-priced luxury establishments.
In Western countries, most mid-to high-range restaurants serve alcoholic beverages also such as beer and wine. Some restaurants serve all the major meals, such as breakfast, lunch, and dinner (e.g. major fast food, diners, hotel restaurants, and airport restaurants). Other restaurants may serve only a single meal (for example, a pancake house may only serve breakfast) or they may serve two meals (e.g. lunch and dinner).
Fast food refers to food that can be prepared and served quickly. However, fastfood is often made with cheaper ingredients such as high fat meat, refined grains, and added sugar and fats, instead of nutritious ingredients such as lean proteins, whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables.
The United States has the largest fast food industry in the world, and American fast food restaurants are located in over 100 countries. Approximately 5.4 million U.S. workers are employed in the areas of food preparation and food servicing, including fast food in the USA as of 2018.
Fast food and low prices go hand in hand and that is one of the major factors of why Americans choose to eat fast food so often. The final reason why fast food is so popular in America is because the time between placing your order and receiving your food is very short.
The most common type of U.S. fast-food restaurant specializes in a meal consisting of a hamburger, French fries, and a beverage. Examples include McDonald’s, Burger King, and Wendy’s. Some, such as Kentucky Fried Chicken, specialize in chicken; some, such as Subway, provide sandwiches; and others, such as Taco Bell, provide Americanized ethnic foods. Outside of the United States, these fast-food eateries serve some of the standard American dishes, such as hamburgers, but they may also serve regionally popular items. There are also fast-food restaurants in other countries that specialize in providing ethnic foods, such as soups in Japan or crepes in France.
The Top 5 Most Popular and Ordered Fast Foods
- French Fries. According to an annual report, French fries are the most ordered out of the most popular fast foods
- Fried Chicken
The History of Fast Food
Fast food is a name for food that is made and presented to costumers in short time. It is usually made with preheated or precooked ingredients, prepared in bulk and sold in packages for take-away. As a term, “fast food” appeared for the first time in Merriam Webster dictionary in 1951 but its roots are much, much older.
From the past to modern times street vendors sold food ready to eat for those with less money and on a hard times. Today we have restaurants that do the same. Here you can read more about fast food history.
First place that had ready-cooked food for sale was in Ancient Rome. Urban population that lived in multi-story apartment blocks called Insulae (city) didn’t have kitchens in them and had to buy their food from the food vendors. They bought bread soaked with wine and ate stews and cooked vegetables so called popinae (wine bar) which were simple restaurants.
British favourite fish and chips were appeared in 19th century with development of trawler fishing and the first fish and chips shop was opened in 1860 at Tommyfield Market in Oldham. Max Sielaff in Berlin invented “automats”, vending machine restaurants, in 1896. In 1902, Joseph Horn and James Hardart opened an automat in New York City which marks the beginning of the fast food in the United States country.
The first hamburger series in the States was the White Castle which is opened in 1921. It was opened by Billy Ingram and Walter Anderson who started with the first White Castle restaurant in Wichita in 1916. They had a small menu which had a cheap hamburgers and they sold it in large numbers in the city. The first franchises appeared also in 1921 and the first restaurant franchise appeared in 1930s by Howard Johnson.
Hamburgers are not the only type of fast food sold in the world. Chinese food is also popular as well as fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, sushi, fried chicken, French fries, onion rings, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, hot dogs, and ice cream. To supply all restaurants with food of the same quality and standards, fast food operations make food from processed ingredients at a central supply facility and then ship it to restaurants where it is prepared.
When the automobiles became more popular, drive-in restaurants started appearing around United States. Costumers in cars were served by carhops who in 1940s started wearing roller skates. The first McDonald’s with fast food was opened by McDonald brothers in 1948. Soon, other people started opening their own fast food chains: Burger King and Taco Bell opened theirs in the 1950s. Fast food industry still and the McDonald’s is, for instance, present in 126 countries on 6 continents and has around 31,000 restaurants worldwide.